Category Archives: Israel

The Pink Flour Mill

The Pink Flour Mill – history as romance

In an article which recently originally appeared in the Washington Post, Marya Hannun’s article ‘commemorating” Nakba Day tells of the incidents of the 14th May 1948, the day Jaffa ‘fell” to the “marauding Haganah”. As she puts it, her Christian grandmother …” and her sisters fled by boat to Beirut as the violence of the militias (sic) reached her family’s town…her family lost their flour mill, houses and all their land.”

Several decades later, Hannun, granddaughter of the woman who fled by boat to Beirut in 1948 visited Jaffa and tracked down the family flour mill: “A pale pink building on an otherwise nondescript block…owned by Israelis and still operating…I wondered, as I often do, if she had had a choice, would she have left anyway?…I realized…that she did not have a choice in 1948, and like millions of Palestinians in exile, continues to be denied one today.”

In and of itself, Hannun’s article is typical of a revisionist history, handed down as family lore, of the formation of the State of Israel and the events that led up to its official founding on 14the May 1948.

And nothing could have been further from the truth of what actually happened.

While Hannun’s account is kit chen table history, what actually happened was that the overwhelming majority of Mandate Arabs left what was then the newly-established State of Israel on their own accord in a war their leaders created.

While the Mandate Jews in the Yishuv established their own civil society over the span of three decades under the Mandate, the Mandate Arabs invested all of their energies into fighting any form of Jewish polity-in-the-making.

The British actually encouraged the creation of an Arab Agency parallel to the Jewish Agency but that initiative to get local Arabs to follow a path of state-building similar to that of the Zionists once they envisioned the division of western Palestine in the 1920s was in vain. Thus, when the British departed, the Mandate Arabs remained unorganized and ill prepared not only for statehood (which they rejected in any case), but also for sustained conflict with the new State of Israel.

Moreover, and Hannun’s victim-account of the “fall” of Jaffa notwithstanding, history shows that even before the outbreak of hostilities in 1948, Mandate Arab social, political, and economic elites fled to neighbouring countries, which in turn spurred disillusionment and demoralization, setting an example for hundreds of thousands of other rank-and-file Arabs to take to the roads.

In January 1948, Hussein Khalidi, Secretary of the Arab Higher Committee complained to the Mufti:

“Forty days after the declaration of a jihad, and I am shattered…. Everyone has left me. Six [AHC members] are in Cairo, two are in Damascus – I won’t be able to hold on much longer…. Everyone is leaving. Everyone who has a check or some money – off he goes to Egypt, to Lebanon, to Damascus.”

Efraim Karsh, then head of the Mediterranean Studies program at London University’s King’s College added:

“By April 1948, a month before Israel’s declaration of independence, and at a time when the Arabs appeared to be winning the war, some 100,000 Palestinians, mostly from the main urban centers of Jaffa, (emphasis mine) Haifa, and Jerusalem, and from villages in the coastal plain, had gone. Within another month those numbers had nearly doubled; and by early June, according to an internal Hagana report, some 390,000 Palestinians had left. By the time the war was over in 1949, the number of refugees had risen to between 550,000 and 600,000.”

But it was not only Israeli historians who documented what really happened.

The Cairo newspaper, Akhbr El-Yom, 18 for instance, quoted the Mufti of Jerusalem on the first day of the invasion appealing to the Arabs of Palestine to leave the country for “the Arab armies were about to enter and fight in their stead….”

In fact, in two major cities with large Arab populations – Haifa and Jaffa – Arab authorities organized the exodus, ordering Arab residents to leave and the local populace, bereft of their feudal overseers who had already fled, obeyed not least because of Arab threats that those who stayed would be viewed as renegades.

The British commander in Haifa, Major-General Hugh Stockwell, pleaded with the Arabs of Haifa as they prepared to depart:

“You have made a foolish decision. Think it over, as you’ll regret it afterwards. You must accept the conditions of the Jews. They are fair enough. Don’t permit life to be destroyed senselessly. After all, it was you who began the fighting and the Jews have won.”

The flight of the Arab peasantry from Jaffa, Haifa and Lod remain a human tragedy, but they remain a tragedy of the Arabs’ own making. Historians estimate that of the roughly 500,000 Arabs who were “uprooted”, more than 50% left of their own accord. And prior to actual war in April and May of 1948, they ran away primarily from the chaos, the anarchy, the economic deterioration and the miserable living conditions under their tribal leaders and the civil war brought on by British incompetence.

There can be no doubt that if there had not been war, there would not have been Arab refugees, and while the Hagana DID indeed forcibly clear villages bordering Yishuv settlements during the outbreak of hostilities, they did so only because those villages were a present and direct violent threat to the legally created State of Israel at that time.

As the departing British High Commissioner Sir Alan Cunningham, no particular friend of the Jews, said in May 1948, that such steps were justified as a matter of sheer survival:

“The Jews for their part can hardly be blamed if in the face of past Arab irregular action and of continued threats of interference by Arab regular forces, they take time by the forelock and consolidate their position while they can.”

I have not personally been to the pink flour mill in Yafo (nee Jaffa). Yet. But I DO know that if I did visit, and if the walls could talk, they would tell me that had it not been for the mufti and tribal Arab leaders who exhorted the local population to flee or be counted as traitors, and had it not been for the complete breakdown of Mandate Arab society due to the treachery of their leaders, Marya Hannun’s family would still be running the mill.

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Proportionality and the “Palestinian” pirouettes

The ongoing deliberate confrontations at the Gaza fence by Hamas have nothing to do with peace or rights. The weekly border riots and the daily dispatch of kites designed to burn sovereign Israeli land are acts of war and, as such, fall under a host of rules and regulations which apply to all warring parties, states or their organs.

Specifically, Hamas is in flagrant and ongoing breach of the 4th Geneva Convention in several chapters of that document and continues to breach its responsibilities under a self-styled Doctrine of Limited Liability war.

The Doctrine of Limited Liability per Hamas demonstrably allows an aggressor to reject a compromise settlement and gamble on war to win everything in the comfortable knowledge that, even if he fails, he may insist on reinstating the status quo ante.

It is time to stop this travesty which has been a core Arab strategy against the existence of a Jewish state since 1948. This for several pertinent reasons in international law.

On page 31 of its Preliminary Remarks on the 1949 4th Geneva Convention, it is  stated that the content therein was inspired by the 1907 Hague Conventions which govern the laws of war, and was later codified in Article 49 of the International Law Commission’s 1980 Draft Articles on State Responsibility.

This stated that the “eternal principles of the Laws and Customs of War on Land are the foundation and the safeguard of civilization “, and was designed to “ensure the respect of human personality and dignity by putting beyond reach of attack those rights and liberties which are the essence of its existence”.

Of particular relevance to the thesis of this short exploratory paper, it prohibits in particular:

  1. a) Violence to life and person………
  2. d) Outrages upon personal dignity…..founded on differences of race… nationality [and] religion….

Hamas should have absolutely no truck with Israel. It rules Gaza which is bounded by a land fence on its eastern limit. Attacking sovereign Israeli territory both on land and through the air is in breach of the letter and spirit of the Convention.

Hamas attacks Israel because Israel is a Jewish state. And Israeli nationals are Jews.  It attacks Israel because the State of Israel practises Judaism as a majority religion.

Hamas has repeatedly called for the destruction and murder of all Jews east of the fence in often gory purple prose. Hamas calls for the eradication of an ancient indigenous race and people because those people are not Muslim.

These are wrongful acts.

Hamas is quick to tell its enablers that it is a legal governing entity voted in through the ballot box. On the bare face of it, let us accept this premise. In that case, the elected government of the Gaza strip has responsibilities in international law and is accountable to international courts for its actions if it is in breach of those laws. After all, the “Palestinians” boast of (observer) member State status of the United Nations…..

Article 28 of the International Law Commission’s 1980 Draft Articles on State Responsibility stated that “The international responsibility of a State which is entailed by an internationally wrongful act in accordance with the provisions of Part One involves legal consequences as set out in this Part.”

This “Part” was then explicated and codified in Article 49 of the International Law Commission’s 1980 Draft Articles on State Responsibility Article 29

Continued Duty of Performance which stated “The legal consequences of an internationally wrongful act under this Part do not affect the continued duty of the responsible State to perform the obligation breached.”

 

In other words, regardless of whether states are party to the treaties above, experts say the principle is part of what is known as customary international law. And, in other words, no governing entity gets a free ride where it can flout international law and then ask for a return to the status quo ante…….

In its defence, Hamas also argues (and has) that Gaza is not a State and that therefore the above rules and regulations do not apply to it. Following this line of reasoning, it would then make Hamas’ actions against the sovereign State of Israel acts of terror across an international border. Hamas does not accept this designation either.

However, in the chapter entitled Attribution of conduct to a State. Article 4 of the 1980 Draft Articles on State Responsibility is as clear as can be on this: “The conduct of any State organ shall be considered an act of that State under international law, whether the organ exercises legislative, executive, judicial or any other functions, whatever position it holds in the organization of the State, and whatever its character as an organ of the central government or of a territorial unit of the State (all emphases mine)”.

Hamas really has nowhere to hide. It is either a pariah “state” in flagrant and continual breach of international law, or it is a terror organisation which deserves the impositions place on it. Hamas’ actions in the international arena drip entitlement when in fact there are no moral, or legal reasons to grant it exception.

The international community needs to put an end to Hamas and their fiscal enablers pirouetting between the raindrops: if they are a legal government, then they are bound by international law. If they are a terror organisation then they need to be proscribed as such by the international community and disarmed.

With regard to Hamas’ claims of Israel’s use of excessive force, here again they are in error according to that same customary international law which applies to all governments.

According to the doctrine of customary international law, a state is legally allowed to unilaterally defend itself and right a wrong provided the response is proportional to the injury suffered (emphasis added).

Armed Hamas combatants approached a designated international border fence with hostile intention to overrun it and physically harm civilians and others on the other side. Israel defended itself and righted a wrong.

Israel targeted known and active Hamas terrorists in the process of trying to breach a security barrier in order to kill Jews. According to Hamas’ own reckoning, 85% of those killed in the weeks of staged hostile attacks were registered members of the terror organisation. Thus, the response was proportional to the injury threatened given the potential for an extended bloodbath had the terrorists succeeded in entering Israel.

Then too, in accordance with international law as explicated in the International Law Commission (2001), response in defending oneself must also be immediate and necessary, refrain from targeting civilians, and require only enough force to reinstate the status quo ante.

Nobody would refute the fact that this, Israel did.

Again, referring to international law, Article 3 of the 1907 Hague Convention on the Laws of War states that “A belligerent party which violates the provisions of the said Regulations shall, if the case demands, be liable to pay compensation. It shall be responsible for all acts committed by persons forming part of its armed forces.”

Israel should now legally prosecute its rights to demand that Hamas cease and desist from engaging on a war footing with Israel according to Article 30 of the Legal Consequences of an Internationally Wrongful Act.

Together with this, Israel should additionally prosecute Hamas and its fiscal enablers through the courts to demand Hamas’ sponsors/enablers pay for physical damages to the border fence in line with Article 31 of the same Act:

  1. The responsible State is under an obligation to make full reparation for the injury caused by the internationally wrongful act.
  2. Injury includes any damage, whether material or moral, caused by the internationally wrongful act of a State.

Hamas and the “Palestinian” charade has wasted untold wealth both fiscal and moral for decades. It is time to call their bluff and make them responsible for their actions in line with that same international law they are so fond of quoting.

Finally, in case the reader wonders why I consistently put the word “Palestinian” in inverted commas, the reason is this: you do not become a nation, a state or a “people” just because you hate Jews.

The continuing forbearance of the State of Israel in the face of continuous wrongful acts is astonishing.

It has never happened in the history of any recorded conflict.

It should never be permitted to happen again.

The Yom HaShoah Reflection

The Yom HaShoah Reflection

“…[the] Arab and Palestinian view [is] that Zionism is a historical aberration that will not – and must not – last….[the “palestinian” Arabs] continue to believe that even if they lose a battle, the war isn’t over. And if the war isn’t over, there’s no need to admit defeat, no need to sign an agreement of surrender.”  –  Einat Wilf, Spring 20116-17.

Two days ago, the Lebanese newspaper Al-Akhbar reported that Saudi Arabia had offered Mahmoud Abbas $10 billion if he accepted the upcoming Trump deal of the century. Abbas is alleged to have retorted that would have meant the end of his political life.

Knowing what we do about Islamism, Abbas could also have added that that would also have meant the end of his physical life.

Elsewhere on my blog, I have written about the farce that is the two-state solution. I have also written about the rise of Islamism in the Middle East now going under the lawfare name of “Palstinian Right of Return”.

My focus today is on the support that Islamism has garnered in America and Europe, despite clear calls by others about its spread in those countries.

Islamism as Jihad against the Kafir

As background, I would like to state that Abbas’ refusal to buy the peace plan is rooted in Muslim ideology. That ideology, as reflected in its hard-line AND “moderate” practitioners, is that all non-muslims are kafir.

The word, Kafir, is usually translated as “unbeliever” but this translation is wrong. The word “unbeliever” is logically and emotionally neutral, whereas Kafir is the most abusive, prejudiced and hateful word in any language. The Koran says that the Kafir may be deceived, plotted against, hated, enslaved, mocked, tortured and worse.

To give you some context, Islam devotes a great amount of energy to the Kafir. The majority (64%) of the Koran is devoted to the Kafir, and nearly all of the Sira (81%) deals with Mohammed’s struggle with them. The Hadith (Traditions) devotes 32% of the text to Kafirs. These three central pillars of the Muslim faith as they pertain to kafirs thus make up about 61% of the trilogy.

But what of the Islamist line that Jews and Chrisitians are People of the Book and thus have a special place in the broader scheme of things?

You have to be well versed in the Koran and the Hadiths to realise that in Islam you are a Christian, if and only if, you believe that Christ was a man who was a prophet of Allah; there is no Trinity; Jesus was not crucified nor resurrected and that He will return to establish Sharia law. To be a true Jew you must believe that Mohammed is the last in the line of Jewish prophets.

Verse 5:77 of the Koran makes this clear: “Oh, People of the Book, do not step out of the bounds of truth in your religion, and do not follow the desires of those who have gone wrong and led many astray. They have themselves gone astray from the even way.”

But in case one felt there was some wiggle room here, verse 9:29 of the Koran states: “Make war on those who have received the Scriptures [Jews and Christians; emphasis mine] but do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day. They do not forbid what Allah and His Messenger have forbidden. The Christians and Jews do not follow the religion of truth until they submit and pay the poll tax [jizya] and they are humiliated.

The sentence “They do not forbid…” means that they do not accept Sharia law; “until they submit” means to submit to Sharia law. Thus, Christians and Jews who do not accept Mohammed as the final prophet are Kafirs.

And over and above this, Islam strives for the dejudeaziation of Christianity where the Four Gospels are touted as written by Isa (jesus), a “ great Muslim prophet and Islamic teacher”. By divorcing the biblical Jesus from Christianity, Islam strives to co-opt and Islamisize unthinking Christians by assimilating Jesus with Isa, the Muslim Palestinian prophet as affirmed by Arafat at the United Nations in 1983.

On the other hand, and as a side note, there is no sense of the ridiculous in this thesis where Muslim Arab “Palestinians” claim they lived in “Palestine,” on the basis of Jewish and Christian scriptures that they reject.

What is Political Islam?

Avi Melamed (2017) defines political islam as movements and parties in the Muslim world having the following things in common:

  • Their ultimate goal is to create a global Islamic cultural, political, and religious entity known as Khalafa / Caliphate in which no other independent or sovereign state exists.
  • The Khalafa should be governed and ruled by Islamic law; the Shari’ah (literally translated “the path”).
  • Shari’ah, the moral and religious law, is the Master Plan given by Allah (literally translated “the God”) to mankind. Accordingly, the Shari’ah should be the only source of legislation and the supreme governing authority, and should govern all areas of life – public and private.
  • Any other man-made political philosophy or political system (communism, democracy, socialism, etc.) is unacceptable because they are in defiance of Allah’s will.
  • They are willing to participate in [western-style] government as a temporary stage towards fulfilling their ultimate goal – to create a global Khalafa [such is the case with the MB in recent years as witnessed in Egypt under President Muhammad Morsi in 2012 or with the sharing of power with secular and liberal elites as in Tunisia after the Arab Spring].
  • Political Islam opposes, and is in direct conflict, with Western values such as gender equity, homosexuality, liberalism, pluralism and secularism which are seen as an imminent and existential threat to Islam.
  • They create their support and cultivate their power base through creating economic, educational, social, and welfare programs that benefit the broad MUSLIM public, especially people on the lower end of the socio-economic scale (Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Yemen and Gaza…..) [In keeping with the strategy of political islam of using “stop-gap” western constructs of democracy to further their own aims, it can be seen that electorally successful parties in Arab countries typically have a track record of successful provision of social services].
  • Absolute and uncompromising opposition to the existence of the State of Israel. The animosity towards Israel is justified on the basis that Judaism, as a religion that was once a valid religion, betrayed the Divine Mission that they were given by Allah, – to spread Allah’s rule and justice upon the land. Therefore, the existence of Israel is a direct defiance of Allah’s will.

How is political islam spread?

All ideologies, including political islam, need methodical organisation if they are to spread their influence and beliefs.

The most prominent representative of political Islam is the Jamaat al-Ikhwan al-Muslimin – the Muslim Brotherhood, the biggest mass movement in the Muslim Sunni world. The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Egypt at the end of the 1920’s by Hassan al-Banna, an Egyptian teacher and Iman (preacher) who was alarmed by what he perceived to be a western threat to Islam and an attack on Islam’s codes, morality, and values – such as male-female social interaction, movie theatres, music, western dress, women’s liberation, etc. He created the Muslim Brotherhood as a revolutionary group to restore the Khalafa [Caliphate], through education, preaching, indoctrination and proselytization of the masses – a term known as da’wa (literally translated as “call” or “an invitation”).

Political Islam in Europe

It can be said that present-day Europe (read France and Germany) results from decisions taken in October 1973 in reaction to PLO terrorism and the OPEC oil boycott of countries friendly to Israel. These two pivotal factors altered Europe’s course and determined its political choices, despite the warnings of cautious other EU member states  in Europe who did not kowtow to Arab Muslim pressure.

Nevertheless, the EU concluded an alliance with Arab League countries in 1974 which concomitantly triggered the development and dissemination of an anti-semitic/anti-Zionist and pro-Palestinian culture propagated by the very organs of the European Community.

Forty three years later, it does not become difficult to see how and why antisemitism mainstreamed across Europe to the extent that Jew-haters can throw elderly Jewish women from their balconies and it is only through the expenditure of much capital that yet another Shoah is not precipitated.

For myself, and despite some micro-explanations by some academics, I use the term Islamism and political islam interchangeably here essentially because both have the same goal: broad acceptance of Sharia law either through economic burden (the jizya) or outright violence (jihad as it is explicated by Sunni MB and al-Qaeda today). The objective of both is to fulfill political aspects of Islam according to the example of prophet Mohammed in his interactions with the Kafir, and BOTH are guided by the trilogy of Islam I referred to above.

I do not accept European whitewashing of their vote-valuable muslim constituents when their politicians say that their various Muslim organisations under the umbrella organisation known as the New European Brothers (NEBs, and yes, THAT Brotherhood), are merely cultural interlocutors for Europe’s fastest growing demographic. Without exception, all of Europe’s disparate security services point to a constant discrepancy between the NEBs’ internal and external discourses as a sign of their duplicitous nature. In the media and in dialogues with European governments, NEB leaders publicly avow the group’s dedication to integration and democracy, tailoring their rhetoric to what they know their interlocutors want to hear. Yet when speaking Arabic, Urdu or Turkish before fellow Muslims, the NEBs often drop the veneer and foster an ‘us versus them’ mentality that is the antithesis of integration and tolerance. Even as NEB representatives speak about interfaith dialogue and integration on television, the movement’s mosques preach hate and warn worshippers about the evils of Western society. In the words of Alain Chouet, former head of French foreign intelligence, ‘Like every fascist movement on the trailof power, the Brotherhood has achieved perfect fluency indouble-speak’ (Chouet 2006).

The Netherlands AIVD and Belgium’s Sûreté de l’État concur.

In fact, Netherlands’ domestic intelligence agency, is even more specific in its analysis of the NEBs’ tactics and aims:

“Not all Muslim Brothers or their sympathisers are recognisable as such. They do not always reveal their religious loyalties and ultra-orthodox agenda to outsiders. Apparently co-operative and moderate in their attitude to Western society, they certainly have no violent intent. Butthey are trying to pave the way for ultra-orthodox Islam to play a greater role in the Western world by exercising religious influence over Muslim immigrant communities and by forging good relations with relevant opinion leaders: politicians, civil servants, mainstream social organisations, non-Islamic clerics, academics, journalists and so on.”

Today, about 5% of Europe’s inhabitants today identify themselves as Muslims. Numbers wise, this represents 25.45 million residents who identify as Muslim. Thus, there is an increasing presence of Muslims and Islam in European society, and this has caused an increase in their presence in politics.

In America, according to 2017 census figures, there were 3.75 million Americans who identified as Muslims (1.6%) and this statistic is set to become the second largest religion in America in another 20 years time (2040, by PEW projections).

What happened in America?

Political Islam did not attract serious attention from American officials until the 1979 Islamic Revolution in Iran. But the event that set the tone for U.S. policy toward Sunni Islamist movements (Muslim Brotherhood et al) was the Algerian parliamentary election of 1991. Here, the FIS won 2/3 majority required to change the constitution.

The Clinton administration became concerned that Islamists coming to power through the ballot box would have been a case of “one man, one vote, one time.” In other words, Islamists would make instrumental use of the ballot box to capture the state, only to subsequently dismantle democracy. I have highlighted this precise strategy above.

In 1995, again under Democrat Bill Clinton, Washington ceased all contact with the Muslim Brotherhood at the request of Egypt. After the massacre of Americans in 2001, Bush’s invasion of Iraq and America’s 2006 refusal to accept Hamas electoral victory in 2006, Islamists were convinced that America was unwilling to let Islamists govern even though they used the edifice of democratic elections to come to power.

However, with the Obama administration’s Presidential Study Directive in 2011, focusing on the normalization of Islamists as political actors, things changed rapidly. Where previous administrations were wary of the Muslim Brotherhood Islamists, Obama used the language of “moderate Islamists” to describe the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, and he called Iran’s President Rouhani, a “moderate” reformist, despite the rise of human rights violations in Iran on Rouhani’s watch.

Obama’s red line in Syria was nothing but a ruse to please Tehran and ensure the success of a near-disastrous nuclear deal. Given that the Muslim Brotherhood appeared to be an important and growing partner for Iran, the Obama White House pandered to thr MB islamists to protect Iranian interests and the potential for the nuclear deal at all costs.

Where George W. Bush had affirmed that the U.S. was not at war with Islam, Obama drove home the point in numerous ways: purging military and intelligence training materials of any mention of Islam in connection with terrorism; employing the might of the Justice Department to win special accommodation for Muslims in workplaces and schools; and lending the prestige and power of his administration to the Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s efforts to compel Western states to criminalize criticism of Islam.

The Obama Justice Department quietly dropped terror finance prosecutions against CAIR and other Islamic supremacist groups. Contact between the Obama Administration and Muslim Brotherhood-linked groups extended to just over 14,000 documents. Obama even changed the mission of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), directing it to turn from space exploration to–of all things–Muslim outreach.

Obama’s administration blamed a video that portrayed Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, in a negative light for the murderous jihad attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi on September 11, 2012.

Caroline Glick (2009) noted that:

“From President Barack Obama’s intense desire to appease Iran’s mullahs in open discussions; to his stated commitment to establish a Palestinian state as quickly as possible despite the Palestinians’ open rejection of Israel’s right to exist and support for terrorism… to his plan to withdraw US forces from Iraq and so give Iran an arc of uninterrupted control extending from Iran to Lebanon, every single concrete policy Obama has enunciated harms Israel.”

Also in 2009, Obama sent his Senior Adviser Valerie Jarrett to give the keynote address at the Islamic Society of North America’s (ISNA) convention, indifferent to the fact that this group was created by the Muslim Students Association, a subsidiary group of the Muslim Brotherhood, godfather to al-Qaeda and Hamas.

In April 2010, the New York Times reported that Obama was reaching out to unnamed “Muslim and Arab-American advocates” groups in the United States to accommodate their views on “air security”. This led to the scrapping of a policy that subjected airline passengers from Muslim countries to greater scrutiny and AFTER the foiled December 25 2009 bombing plot to detonate a bomb aboard a jetliner over Detroit…

In March 2013, the Department of Homeland Security was set to give air passengers entering the U.S. from Saudi Arabia “trusted traveller” status, which would enable them to bypass normal passport controls despite the fact that fifteen of the nineteen 9/11 hijackers were Saudis.

So, was Islamism in America solely a result of the Obama administration policies? Certainly not.

But it is incontrovertible that between 2009-20017, the tacit as well as explicit pandering to Muslim Brotherhood interests in the White House from the leader of the world’s most powerful nation was a welcome starting gun for the (till then) largely covert American Islamic radicals and their attempts to change American domestic and religious and social culture. Barack Hussein Obama had indeed converted their audacity of hope into legislation.

Conclusion

It would be a mistake to ignore the fact that there is today a global Islamist movement determined to achieve a worldwide obeisance to Islam fully committed to use all means at its disposal – not just terrorism – to bring America and the West under its control.

I make no distinction whatsoever between jihadist islamism and institutional islamism of the sort advocated by the Muslim Brotherhood and CAIR in America and elswhere. Both jihadist and institutional Islamism pursue the same goal of an Islamist state, but disagree fundamentally on the strategy for achieving it. Whilst jihadism is committed to the idea of a (violent) Islamic world revolution, institutional Islamism embraces political institutions as a means to an end. Either way, it has no place in any western state, nation or country.

We like to think that liberal democracy is the most powerful force on the face of the earth, but liberal democracy is only 200 years old, and is very difficult to implement, whereas Political Islam is 1400 years old and is quite easy to implement. All one needs is a commitment to Sharia (the path).

And, as McCarthy (2010) states, “…sharia is the corpus of Allah’s law, prescribing a comprehensive legal and political framework….Sharia, not terrorism, must be our bright line because it reliably divides Muslims who embrace the West from Muslims determined to Islamize the West.”  And, quite honestly, nobody has any issue with Muslims who, like Hindus, Buddhists, Jews and Brahmins acculturate but still retain their unique religious and cultural identities. It is the very backbone of a successful multicultural policy in today’s global village(s).

And so, on this Day of Remembrance for 6 million Jews who were killed because they were Jews, it is only prudent to, once again, warn of the dangers of hate-filled antisemitism emanating not from Europe per se, but rather from a coalescing of a broad coalition of anti-semites exploiting the West’s inability to demarcate red lines about the changed demographics caused by Muslim expansion into Europe and America.

As Bassam Tibi, Professor emeritus (retired) of International Relations, University of Goettingen (Germany) memorably reminds us, in Islam peace only exists between Muslims, and not between Muslims and non-Muslims.

And that, dear kafir reader mine, will always and everywhere, mean YOU.

Islam demands it.

Twitter strikes again…

In case any of u were wondering, @jack has now suspended me on Twitter.

No reason was given, and no appeal by me was possible.

I have no idea WHY i was banned or what it is I tweeted.

Dems the breaks.

To all those who followed my tweets since May 2014 and engaged with me, thank you.

I had fun, and many of you helped make it so.

All the best and keep keeping the bastards honest.

Love yous!!

The Moral Case For Israel Annexing The West Bank—And Beyond – by Jason Hill

The Moral Case For Israel Annexing The West Bank—And Beyond

–   Jason Hill, The Federalist, April, 2019

If I was able to string words, sentences and thoughts on the Arab-Israeli conflict as effectively as Jason Hill, this is an article I would have been pleased to have written.

For me, the crux of the article is what Hill terms Israel’s “altruism”.

This is absolutely accurate, for, never in world history, has a nation behaved with such forbearance against an enemy sworn to effect its demise.

Of equal importance in this article is Hill’s contention that the purpose of war is to vanquish the enemy.

America and Europe have worked assiduously to prevent this from happening and thus kept alive a conflict which should have ended unequivocally in 1967.

Read and consider…..

 

The April 2019 election victory for Benjamin Netanyahu will see him serve a record fifth term as Israeli prime minister and form a new right-wing coalition government. It also brings the promise of a commitment Netanyahu made to the nation during his campaign: That he would annex Jewish settlements in occupied Palestinian territories.

Vowing to extend sovereignty without distinguishing between settlement blocks and the isolated settlements, Netanyahu promised not to transfer any sovereignty to the Palestinians. His victory in the elections will, hopefully, see the enactment of Netanyahu’s promise.

Israel has the moral right to annex all of the West Bank (even Area C) for a plethora of reasons.

Israel’s Mistake Was Allowing the Palestinian Pretense

Israel made an altruistic mistake toward the Palestinian people after the 1967 defensive war with Jordan. Rather than regard them as “war settlers” or refugees or, after legally occupying conquered territory, as “illegal occupants,” they made the Palestinian people their political and moral problem.

After victory, the “war settlers” could have been seen as enemies of the state: supporters of the Fatah (Palestine Liberation Organization) Charter, which basically calls for the end of Jewry in the region. Under a malevolent and illiberal regime, they would have been regarded and treated as such, not as Israel did treat them: as human beings with specific, inalienable rights.

Under a different set of political sensibilities, the Palestinian people would have been militarily removed from the area because, morally speaking, after the 1967 war, they never belonged there. The proper response from Israel should have been to immediately annex the land and make the people there the responsibility of their original political homeland: Jordan.

There can be no such thing as legitimate “Palestinian Territory” in a geographic region legally seized in a defensive war instigated by a foreign aggressor. The purpose of war is always to vanquish the enemy. The losers of the war cannot make demands on the victors that the victors themselves would not have been put in the position of meeting had the adversary or enemy not forced the victors into making it in the first place.

Israel was forced into a war, which it won. It was then expected to renounce and repudiate the consequences of its fairly won war by capitulating to the conditions of its vanquished enemy, which included, among other self-sacrificially undertaken goals, granting statehood, autonomy, right of return, and the ultimate elimination of Jewry from the region.

The Palestinian Authority Is a Terrible Government

Since the establishment of the Palestinian Authority in 1994, Judea and Samaria (the West Bank) have enjoyed joint rule by Israeli military government and the Palestinian Authority with around 98 percent of the Palestinians living in areas under jurisdiction of the PA. In such areas, the PA has destroyed the freedom Palestinians enjoyed under Israeli rule and their economy through kleptocracy, corruption, nepotism, and authoritarian forms of governance subject to none of the checks and balances that characterize Israel’s Knesset.

Jewish exceptionalism and the exceptionalist nature of Jewish civilization require an unconditional space for the continued evolution of their civilization. What’s good for Jewish civilization is good for humanity at large. Jewish civilization is an international treasure trove that must be protected.

Not all cultures are indeed equal. Some are abysmally inferior and regressive based on their comprehensive philosophy and fundamental principles—or lack thereof—that guide or fail to protect the inalienable rights of their citizens.

Given the voting patterns of Palestinians—towards Islamicism and terrorist organizations for the most part—that openly advocate and work for Israeli and Jewish destruction and annihilation, a strong argument can and ought to be made to strip Palestinians of their right to vote—period. The regional hostilities towards Israel in the Middle East are such that Israel must take those threats seriously. It must work for a coalition of forces to neutralize them.

Israel Has Every Right to Defeat Terrorists

The Israeli left should abandon its agonistic handwringing over so-called Palestinian occupation and realize that applying Israeli law in Judea and Samaria, meaning the wholesale destruction of Hamas in Gaza—Hamas being a terrorist organization that can claim no rights as a group and no right to any square inch of land in the region—is an application of democratic law protecting the rights of the individuals who rightfully belong there.

Speaking of Gaza, although the strip was unilaterally relinquished, when one considers the reign of terror executed by the Hamas terrorists and the unadulterated illiberality of the movement itself, Israel has every moral right to wage a ruthless and unrelenting war against Hamas and to re-settle the land if it ever so desires.

America must also admit that it owes Israel political and financial reparations for America’s many decades of support of the PLO and the PA, which have pledged destruction to Israel, and have rejected all plausible peace offerings from Israel, preferring instead war and destruction.

This political and economic reparation would see the United States supplying Israel even more advanced military capabilities, and funding Israel’s military defense in any manner Israel deems necessary for its survival and unrivaled military status in the Middle East. Some may ask why this is necessary. The answer is two-fold.

Should a regional conflict between Israel and her Arab neighbors emerge, Israel will need to demonstrate extraordinary, excessive, and unprecedented military might in a manner that can act as a deterrent and, if necessary, to irrevocably destroy her offensive enemies.

Additional U.S. militarization of Israel is also moral in its execution. It sends a univocally clear message to the world that in any conflict between Israel and her adversaries, the United States stands willing and ready—along with her ally—to destroy any political agent that attacks the sovereignty of Israel. This is because Israel’s right to exist is non-negotiable and it has a right to unilaterally apply Israeli law over its nation-state.

Why Palestinians Have No Moral Authority

Continued militarization of Israel comprises protracted support of our political and moral alter-ego in the Middle East. The decline of the Palestinian people is narrated by their willful ideological malfeasance. They have never come into their own as a people largely because they have never explicitly held a philosophy that can support freedom, the basic liberal principles of individual rights, and a free market economy.

Given Fatah and Hamas’s genocidal aspirations toward Israel and universal Jewry and, in the case of Hamas, of a global caliphate, a moral goal would be to reverse the potential sovereignty of every Palestinian movement in the region. It ought to force Jordan to re-revoke its citizenship status of the Palestinian majority in Jordan.

A people that overwhelmingly approves of their terrorist leaders cannot be made to become citizens of any civilized country such as Israel.

The Palestinian terror war Fatah launched after the 2000 Camp David Peace Summit and unilaterally accepted by the Palestinian people places them in a precarious position. Whatever actions Israel or any of her allies take against them in a war against terror are their responsibility, and are moral. A people that overwhelmingly approves of their terrorist leaders cannot be made to become citizens of any civilized country such as Israel. No moral or political distinctions must be made between Fatah, Hamas, and the people who elect and or support them. No constituted people responsible for the election and appointment of terrorist actors can or should be entrusted with the responsibility of voting.

They constitute a national security threat to Israel because a core feature of their identity is a commitment to destroying Israel as a Jewish state. Therefore, only a policy of radical containment or expulsion remains a viable option. No state can obstruct the case for the achievement of its own justice and territorial safety by aiding and abetting its own destroyers. By making strategic alliances with ISIS, Hezbollah, and other terrorist organizations—should political expediency dictate such a move—we will witness the destruction of Jewish secularism in the region and religious militarization of the entire region.

One cannot admit anti-Semitics devoted to the destruction of Israel into the domain of Jewish civilization. There has to be some semblance of re-shaping the political sensibilities of those outside the historic process. If this is not possible, then we have to admit to their intrinsic humanity, but also, nevertheless, confess to their tragic status as political ballasts.

 

“Palestine” Revealed

 

[This is the third and final instalment of a series of articles showing the myth, false historicity and deception of a group of migratory Arabs calling themselves “palestinians”]

It is variously claimed by the Arab Moslem Palestinians (Erekat, 2014) that their indigeneity and culture and history in the currently occupied territories goes back thousands of years to the times of the Canaanites (over 5,500 years allegedly) and that they thus precede the arrival of the Abraham and the Hebrews.

Indeed, in their published paper  “The Origin of the Palestine-Israel Conflict” (2001), Jews for Justice in the Middle East states that “Between 3000 and 1100 B.C., Canaanite civilization covered what is today Israel, the West Bank, Lebanon and much of Syria and Jordan…Those who remained in the Jerusalem hills after the Romans expelled the Jews [in the second century A.D.] were a potpourri of farmers and vineyard growers, pagans and converts to Christianity, descendants of the Arabs, Persians, Samaritans, Greeks and old Canaanite tribes” But no Jews, it would appear.

Illene Beatty in her paper (1957) “Arab and Jew in the Land of Canaan” states that “The Arab invaders (of Canaan) of the 7th century A.D. made Moslem converts of the natives, settled down as residents, and intermarried with them, with the result that all are now so completely Arabized that we cannot tell where the Canaanites leave off and the Arabs begin.”  Again, as this historiography goes, the area apparently remained devoid of Jews as inhabitants of the Levant.

But then Beatty goes on to write that the Jews under King David conquered Canaan in 1000 BC until they were “wiped out” in 586 BC thus ending 414 years of Jewish rule in the area. This means that, Jews lived, worshipped and died in the area of Judea and Samaria including Jerusalem (David’s City…) some 1300 years before Arabs and Islam appeared in the Levant.

The Jewish Bulletin (1998) quotes Eli Shuikrun and Ronny Reich saying that “Recent archeological (sic) digs have provided evidence that Jerusalem was a big and fortified city already in 1800 BCE…Findings show that the sophisticated water system heretofor (sic)  attributed to the conquering Israelites pre-dated them by eight centuries and was even more sophisticated than imagined…Dr. Ronny Reich, who directed the excavation along with Eli Shuikrun, said the entire system was built as a single complex by Canaanites in the Middle Bronze Period, around 1800 BCE.” However, this time, it may be noted that while Jews are mentioned in antiquity, no mention is made of Palestinians, Arabs or Moslems.

Others like Henry Cattan (1984), a Palestinian Christian jurist and writer born in Jerusalem says: ‘The Palestinians are the original and continuous in- habitants of Palestine from time immemorial.”

And still others the PA President Mahmoud Abbas earnestly claim (2016): “Our narrative says that we were in this land since before Abraham. I am not saying it. The Bible says it. The Bible says, in these words, that the Palestinians existed before Abraham.”

For the novice reader in the Arab-Israeli conflict, such discrepancies in nationalistic historiographies may seem a little confusing. This paper will show that this does not have to be so and that the “history” of the “indigenous” “Palestinians” denied an “historic homeland” through Zionist machinations, started on May, 1964 at the Arab League Summit in Cairo. In other words, the “palestinian” conflict is an extension of the Arab-Israeli hostilities 1948-2019 (though even that is now being turned on its head).

I will start off by stating that

  1. The “Palestinian” Arab people, nation or culture have never existed.
  2. Islam arrived in the Levant 2,500 years after the establishment of Judaism and 750 years after the birth and spread of Christianity.
  3. Arabs arrived in the Levant some 2,500 years after the establishment of monotheistic Judaism and continuous Jewish presence in same and that ALL Arab commentators acknowledge the conquest of the Levant circa 700 CE….
  4. By the time Jewish Kingdoms were established in Judea, no Canaanites, Hittites, Moabites, Amorites, Horites or Jebusites existed. Even the genuine remnants of the Canaanites (Phoenicians of Gaza, Tzur and Sidon (last two-named now in Lebanon) had long before disappeared through intermarriage with the Hebrews.

The Canaanites are historically acknowledged as the first inhabitants of the Land of Israel, before the Hebrews settled there. Indeed, the correct geographic name of the Land of Israel is Canaan, not “Palestine” (a Roman invention, as we will see later). They were composed by the different tribes mentioned above, and who could be distinguished in two main groups: the Northern or Coastland Canaanites and the Southern or Mountain Canaanites.

The Northern Canaanites, better known in history by their Greek name Phoenicians, settled along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea from what is modern port of Alexandria to the proximities of the Gulf of Haifa. The Phoenicians called themselves “Kana’ana” or “Kinachnu”. Their language was adopted from their Semitic neighbours, the Arameans, and was closely related to Hebrew (not to Arabic!). Phoenicians and Israelites did not need interpreters to understand each other. During the Islamic invasions and occupations of what became known as the Middle East, they were Arabized, yet, never completely assimilated, and their present-day state is Lebanon. It is not coincidental that generational Lebanese look nothing like their co-religionists in Syria, Jordan and Egypt. And it is for this reason today that Lebanon today is the only one of Israel’s immediate Muslim neighbours not known as the Islamic Republic of…

The “palestinians” are not Lebanese. Therefore they are not Phoenicians (Northern Canaanites).

The Southern Canaanites lived in the mountain region from the Golan southwards, on both sides of the Yarden (River Jordan) and along the Mediterranean coast from the Gulf of Haifa to Yafo; the Canaan of Jewish and Christian biblical note. Through intermarriage and war, by the time of King David, the Canaanites had been absorbed into the Israelite nation. After all, when the Assyrians overran the Kingdom of Israel, they did not leave any Canaanite aside, as they had all become Israelites by that time. The same happened when the Babylonians overthrew the Kingdom of Judah.

For this documented (verifiable) reason, the only people that can trace a lineage back to the ancient Canaanites are the Jews, not the “palestinians” per Erekat (2014). The Canaanites simply did not exist as a definable ethnic group any longer after the 8th century BCE. If the “Palestinians” were indeed descendants of the ancient Philistines, would they not be speaking Hebrew, or, indeed, clamouring for a return of Lebanon as their rightful national homeland?

The name “Palestinian” is a modern political creation for a group of Arabs wedded to the idea of a Jew-free Middle East using various guises such as indigeneity, history and colonial theory. In the 20th century, a main protagonist of this colonial theory was the post-colonialist Edward Said. But even he could not remain consistent in his life’s work of removing Jews from the Middle East. In his seminal 1979 book “The Question of Palestine” he states “Palestine became a predominantly Arab and Islamic country by the end of the seventh century (emphasis mine). Almost immediately thereafter its boundaries and its characteristics — including its name in Arabic, Filastin — became known to the entire Islamic world…for its religious significance…”

This is curious on two counts: Firstly, it “disappears” Jewish presence, religion and indigeneity during the millennia which preceded the Arab Moslem invasion, and it ignores the fact that after 1071 CE when Jerusalem and surrounds were captured by the Seljuk Turks, it never again came under Arab rule until after the invasion of Jordan into Judea in 1948.  The Turks were not Arabs and the term “Islamic” was a word which developed out of Arab nationalism AFTER the disintegration of the Seljuk Ottoman Turkish lands post 1918. Further, there is no record of any country called Palestine until such was created by the British in San Remo in 1925 for the express purpose of actualising their 1917 pledge to create a Homeland for the Jewish People (see my previous blog for details of this).

And secondly, in his anti-Jewish zeal, in 1979 Said goes so far as to state that Palestine became known to the “entire Islamic world” for its religious significance after the Arab Moslem invasion of the Levant. This is a curious statement because the following quotes (and dates) will amplify that this was definitively not the case either before OR after the Arab Conquests:

  1. Qur’an 17:104 – “And thereafter We [Allah] said to the Children of Israel: ‘Dwell securely in the Promised Land. And when the last warning will come to pass, we will gather you together in a mingled crowd.’”
  2. Jerusalem and the Temple Mount are considered the THIRD holiest Moslem site as opposed to the Holy of Holies by the Jews.
  • In 985 c.e. the Arab writer Muqaddasi complained that in Jerusalem the large majority of the population were Jewish, and said that “the mosque is empty of worshippers…” .
  1. In 1377, Ibn Khaldun, one of the most creditable Arab historians, wrote: “Jewish sovereignty in the Land of Israel extended over 1400 years… It was the Jews who implanted the culture and customs of the permanent settlement”.
  2. Comments by Christian travellers/pilgrims concerning the Arabs in Palestine in the 1800s: “The Arabs themselves cannot be considered but temporary residents. They pitched their tents in its grazing fields or built their places of refuge in its ruined cities. They created nothing in it. Since they were strangers to the land, they never became its masters. The desert wind that brought them hither could one day carry them away without their leaving behind them any sign of their passage through it”.
  3. The chairman of the Syrian Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference in February 1919 stated: “The only Arab domination since the Conquest in 635 c.e. hardly lasted, as such, 22 years”.
  • Auni Bey Abdul-Hadi, Syrian Arab leader to British Peel Commission, 1937: “There is no such country as Palestine. ‘Palestine’ is a term the Zionists invented. There is no Palestine in the Bible. Our country was for centuries part of Syria. ‘Palestine’ is alien to us. It is the Zionists who introduced it”.
  • Professor Philip Hitti, Arab historian, 1946: “There is no such thing as Palestine in history, absolutely not”.
  1. Representantive of Saudi Arabia at the United Nations, 1956: “It is common knowledge that Palestine is nothing but Southern Syria”.
  2. Zuhair Muhsin, military commander of the PLO and member of the PLO Executive Council (1977?): “There are no differences between Jordanians, Palestinians, Syrians and Lebanese. We are all part of one nation. It is only for political reasons that we carefully underline our Palestinian identity… yes, the existence of a separate Palestinian identity serves only tactical purposes. The founding of a Palestinian state is a new tool in the continuing battle against Israel”.
  3. Syrian dictator Hafez Assad to the PLO leader Yasser Arafat (date undetermined): “There is no such thing as a Palestinian people, there is no Palestinian entity, there is only Syria. You are an integral part of the Syrian people, Palestine is an integral part of Syria. Therefore it is we, the Syrian authorities, who are the true representatives of the Palestinian people”.

But, WHEN did the world first hear of a “palestinian” people, a people fabled in antiquity going back to pre-Canaanite times?

The answer is that the world first heard of the term “Palestinians” in May 1964 at the first Arab League Summit in Cairo. The League had convened to develop ways to destroy the State of Israel and the formation of the Palestinian Liberation Organisation in May 1964 was the tool and umbrella organisation used to organise disparate Arab paramilitary groups in and around the new state of Israel for this purpose.

Initially, the PLO’s legislature, the PNC, did little to further the “interests” of the new nation of “palestinians”. These “interests” started with the elimination of the State of Israel per Article 1 of their Charter.

Specifically, Article 1 stated that Palestine is the homeland of the Arab Palestinian people; it is an indivisible part of the Arab homeland, and the Palestinian people are an integral part of the Arab nation.

It is easy to see here that even in 1964, the Arabs could not decide if they were interested in strengthening pan-Arabism (Arab homeland), a Palestinian nation-state or an extension of a wider Arab ummah. What was never in doubt, though, was the intent of the newly formed “palestinian” (read Levantine Arabs) “people” to destroy the State of Israel.

Article 21 of that same covenant of the newly formed PLO was even clearer: “The Arab Palestinian people, expressing themselves by the armed Palestinian revolution, reject all solutions which are substitutes for the total liberation of Palestine and reject all proposals.”

And in case the reader nurtured any lingering doubts that palestinianism was anything other than  the new tool on the block to avenge a stunning 1948 Arab defeat at the hand of a tiny Jewish enclave, the organisation through which Arafat rose to prominence was named the Palestine Liberation Organisation. The title of the organization included the word “Palestine” rather than “Palestinian”, since it was seen as a pan-Arab organization dedicated to the liberation of Palestine, rather than a Palestinian movement, and its leadership was appointed by the Arab League.

In the intervening years, the PLO was replaced by the Palestinian Authority (full name Palestinian National Authority; a name change of significance….), and the methods used to end the existence of the Jewish state morphed from mostly up-front physical violence to political and economic substitutes; all unsuccessful.

In the 54 years since “Palestinians” entered our terminology, very few institutions of state were ever enacted. “Palestinians” in the east of Israel would gladly rip the hearts out of those in the west of the country. The “palestinian” President hasn’t held elections for over fourteen years. And Sunni Arab and  Moslem support from formerly major players in the 1964 Cairo Conference which created the PLO have moved away from a feckless group of mostly migratory Arab pawns to the east and west of Israel who are anything but indigenous, ancient, a nation or a people.

The Legality of the existence of the State of Israel -then, as now

Ninety nine years ago this April, on April 24 1920, at San Remo, the Supreme Council of the Principal Allied Powers, consisting of Great Britain, France, Italy and Japan, agreed to approve the Balfour Declaration of Nov 2, 1917.

The San Remo Conference thus changed what had been only a statement of British intent, into a binding legal document.

This was accomplished by significantly changing the wording of Britain’s pledge from using their “best endeavours” to create a Jewish homeland in Palestine, to one which made Britain legally responsible for “putting into effect” this objective.

And it was solely for this objective that the Mandate was conferred on the land aggrandizement of the shattered Ottoman Empire.

In other words, post San Remo, the establishment of a Jewish National Home in Palestine meant two important things:

  1. Creation of the state and country of Palestine which till that time officially did not exist in international law and that
  2. Palestine in its entirety was reserved exclusively for the self-determination of the Jewish people.

The two new entities were synonymous since they were both created at the same time and for the same exact purpose. That is to say that if it was not that the Jewish National Home was to be housed in Palestine, and that Palestine was to be the Jewish National Home, the country of Palestine would never have been created…..

It is important to remember that the San Remo creation of the Mandated state and country of Palestine was not created to satisfy the national aspirations of Arabs in any part of the country, either east or west of the Jordan. Those aspirations were covered in a different paragraph of the San Remo resolution where it was decided that those aspirations would be fulfilled by  the adjoining territories of Mesopotamia (later Iraq) and Syria as well as the existing state of the Hejaz in the Arabian Peninsula.

The resolution was approved, in binding international law, by the subsequent Treaty of Sevres later that same year and by 52 nations in 1922, in addition to those nations which subsequently joined the League of Nations.

Equally importantly, the San Remo Resolution officially terminated and replaced the secret Sykes-Picot agreement of 1916 where Britain and, particularly France, which bargained hard for, but ultimately failed to get, Palestine’s inclusion in Syria.

For the record, the Sykes-Picot agreement envisaged a confederation of Arab territories which would include Syria, Mesopotamia (now Iraq) and Transjordan.

What is of note here is that Palestine was never considered in that confederation of Arab states and it is this that makes the whole current-day concept of Judean Arabs and their enmity over 70 years nothing more than practised ethnic supremacism: the myth of “return” is merely a political ploy to remove a Jewish state seen as a blemish to ME Arab homogeneity.

The Jewish State of Israel exists legally both under the legal outcome of the actualisation of the Balfour Declaration as realised at the San Remo Conference as well as Article 22 of the League of Nations Covenant which transferred de jure sovereignty (legal title) over Palestine to the Jewish People by the Supreme Council of the Allied Powers who acted as the disposing agent by international law, by virtue of their military victory over Austria-Hungary, Germany and the Ottoman Empire.

And, of course, it should not be forgotten that that very same Supreme Council of the Allied Powers also created Syria, Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon, thus negating any and all Arab complaints, then or since, in light of the huge territorial benefits in recognition of Arab nationalism provide them by that same Council.

The 100 year Arab-Israeli conflict will be seen as by future generations as a negative example of Arab ethno religious supremacism and bigotry towards a nation, country and people who had both moral, cultural and legal right for the re-establishment of a Jewish homeland in its spiritual heartland.